Rome Tourist Info
Other Details of Rome
Rome enjoys the temperate climate which characterises the Mediterranean coasts of Italy. It is at its most comfortable from April through June, and from mid-September to October; in particular, the Roman "ottobrata" (roughly translated as "October period") is famously known for its sunny days and pleasant temperatures. By August, the temperature during the heat of the day often exceeds 35° C (95° F); traditionally, many businesses would close during August, and Romans would abandon the city for holiday resorts, but this trend is weakening, and the city is increasingly remaining fully functional during the whole summer, in response to growing tourism as well as change in the population's work habits. The average high temperature in December is about 13° C (55° F).
Other sovereign states
Rome is unique in its containing two other sovereign states. One is the Holy See, the political and religious entity that governs the territory of the Vatican City (a de facto enclave since 1870, officially recognised as such in 1929), as well as claiming extraterritorial rights over a few other palaces and churches, mostly in the city centre; indeed, Rome hosts foreign embassies to both Italy and the Holy See. The other state is the Sovereign Military Order of Malta (SMOM), which took refuge in Rome in 1834 after having lost Malta to Napoleon in 1798, and thus currently claims no territory (leading to disputes over its actual sovereign status
rome septimius severus
Rome is currently served by three airports, of which the main two are owned by Aeroporti di Roma. The intercontinental Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport is Italy's chief airport; it is more commonly known as "Fiumicino airport", as it is located within the territory of the nearby comune of Fiumicino, south-west of Rome. The older Giovan Battista Pastine International Airport is a joint civilian and military airport; it is more commonly referred to as "Ciampino Airport", as it is located within Roman territory near the border with the comune of Ciampino, south-east of Rome.

A third airport, the Aeroporto dell'Urbe, is a small, low-traffic airport located about 6 km north of the city centre, which handles most helicopter and private flights. A fourth airport in the eastern part of the city, the Aeroporto di Centocelle (dedicated to Francesco Baracca), is no longer open to flights; it currently hosts the Comando di Squadra Aerea (which coordinates the activities of the Aeronautica Militare Italiana) and the Comando Operative di Vertice Interforze[11] (which coordinates all Italian military activities), although large parts of the airport are currently being redeveloped as a public park.

Rome Market

rome_street_scene Language
The original language of Rome was Latin, which evolved during the Middle Ages into Italian. The latter emerged as the confluence of various regional dialects, among which the Tuscan dialect predominated, but the population of Rome also developed its own dialect, the Romanesco. This remained largely confined to Rome until the 19th century, but then expanded into the rest of Lazio from the beginning of the 20th century, thanks to the rising population of Rome and to better transportations systems; as a consequence, Romanesco abandoned its traditional forms to mutate into the dialect currently spoken within the city, which is more similar to standard Italian, although remaining distinct from other Romanesco-influenced local dialects of Lazio. Dialectal literature in the traditional form Romanesco includes the works of such authors as Giuseppe Gioacchino Belli, Trilussa, and Cesare Pascarella. Contemporary Romanesco is mainly represented by popular actors such as Aldo Fabrizi, Alberto Sordi, Nino Manfredi, Gigi Proietti, Enrico Montesano, and Carlo Verdone.
Rome Travel Guide, climate:
Best: Apr-May, Sept-Oct.
Avoid: July-Aug [heat and crowds].
OK: Winter months are chilly but often sunny, and crowds and prices are both down...
Arts/Culture guide:
Museums and Galleries: Rome has an amazing variety of art offerings, not just a line up of pricey paintings; hundreds of spectacular and sometimes bizarre marble statues for a start...The top three museums are arguably: 
The Vatican Museums, Musei Vaticani. Perhaps the richest collection of art in the world, the 12 museums include Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel and Raphael's four fresco rooms as well as the best of Roman, Etruscan, Greek, Egyptian, Assyrian and modern religious art, but are always crowded and a long line may be anticipated to get in.
The full 7kms [4 miles] and 1,400 rooms of sights will need at least two days of attention but there are colour-coded highlight walks.
The museums are not in St. Peters Basilica. They're a little out of the city centre but easily walkable from the Piazza Navona area or take the tube to Cipro-Musei Vatican.
The Capitoline Museums are dead centre Rome, built on the low hill where the city originated and designed by the city's favourite artist, Michelangelo. No queues here, plenty of space and focussed on wonderful Greek and Roman sculptures though there are some excellent paintings too.
Galleria Borghese. A small but perfectly formed collection of sculpture and paintings, including Bernini's Apollo and Daphne, this museum needs a reservation in advance to get in. 
It's a hassle to get to as it's a bit north of centre and has no metro running nearby so expect a long walk or taxi ride
Teatro Olimpico has the best reputation for dance. 
The Filarmonica is for ethnic and contemporary. 
The Opera season runs from Nov-Mar at Teatro dell' Opera; in summer it moves outdoors [eg. Stadio Olimpico, Baths of Caracalla] and the prices come down.
Theatre: Teatro Agora holds a short season of international theatre in other languages, while the Colosseo Ridotto presents English language shows every week. 
Live Music: The city's more in favour of jazz than rock with plenty of venues 
Check 'Time Out' for event info/listings.
Ticket Office 'Orbis' is at Piazza Esquilino.
Day trips out of the city:
Why bother when there's a lifetime of sights in the city?
Well, if you must escape for a few hours...
Try Ostia Antica for ancient Roman ruins [n.b. not tacky Ostia seaside town]; Tivoli for Hadrian's spectacular Villa Adriana, fountains and landscaped gardens [40kms out of Rome]; medieval Viterbo with its great town wall and nearby Bomarzo's tranquil; wacky scuplture garden Parco dei Mostri [a favourite of Mr S. Dali]; Terracina for big, calm, uncrowded white sand beaches with minimum life support or Sperlonga for the full monte Italian beach resort experience. 
Note that if you're driving signposting is dreadful and views are generally not much better
Rome Tourist Info
Other Details of Rome
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