Rome enjoys the temperate climate which characterises the Mediterranean coasts of Italy. It is at its most comfortable from April through June, and from mid-September to October; in particular, the Roman "ottobrata" (roughly translated as "October period") is famously known for its sunny days and pleasant temperatures. By August, the temperature during the heat of the day often exceeds 35° C (95° F); traditionally, many businesses would close during August, and Romans would abandon the city for holiday resorts, but this trend is weakening, and the city is increasingly remaining fully functional during the whole summer, in response to growing tourism as well as change in the population's work habits. The average high temperature in December is about 13° C (55° F).
Rome is currently served by three airports, of which the main two are owned by Aeroporti di Roma. The intercontinental Leonardo Da Vinci International Airport is Italy's chief airport; it is more commonly known as "Fiumicino airport", as it is located within the territory of the nearby comune of Fiumicino, south-west of Rome. The older Giovan Battista Pastine International Airport is a joint civilian and military airport; it is more commonly referred to as "Ciampino Airport", as it is located within Roman territory near the border with the comune of Ciampino, south-east of Rome.
A third airport, the Aeroporto dell'Urbe, is a small, low-traffic airport located about 6 km north of the city centre, which handles most helicopter and private flights. A fourth airport in the eastern part of the city, the Aeroporto di Centocelle (dedicated to Francesco Baracca), is no longer open to flights; it currently hosts the Comando di Squadra Aerea (which coordinates the activities of the Aeronautica Militare Italiana) and the Comando Operative di Vertice Interforze (which coordinates all Italian military activities), although large parts of the airport are currently being redeveloped as a public park.
Best: Apr-May, Sept-Oct.
Avoid: July-Aug [heat and crowds].
OK: Winter months are chilly but often sunny, and crowds and prices are both down...
Museums and Galleries: Rome has an amazing variety of art offerings, not just a line up of pricey paintings; hundreds of spectacular and sometimes bizarre marble statues for a start...The top three museums are arguably:
The Vatican Museums, Musei Vaticani. Perhaps the richest collection of art in the world, the 12 museums include Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel and Raphael's four fresco rooms as well as the best of Roman, Etruscan, Greek, Egyptian, Assyrian and modern religious art, but are always crowded and a long line may be anticipated to get in.
The full 7kms [4 miles] and 1,400 rooms of sights will need at least two days of attention but there are colour-coded highlight walks.
The museums are not in St. Peters Basilica. They're a little out of the city centre but easily walkable from the Piazza Navona area or take the tube to Cipro-Musei Vatican.
The Capitoline Museums are dead centre Rome, built on the low hill where the city originated and designed by the city's favourite artist, Michelangelo. No queues here, plenty of space and focussed on wonderful Greek and Roman sculptures though there are some excellent paintings too.
Galleria Borghese. A small but perfectly formed collection of sculpture and paintings, including Bernini's Apollo and Daphne, this museum needs a reservation in advance to get in.
It's a hassle to get to as it's a bit north of centre and has no metro running nearby so expect a long walk or taxi ride
Teatro Olimpico has the best reputation for dance.
The Filarmonica is for ethnic and contemporary.
The Opera season runs from Nov-Mar at Teatro dell' Opera; in summer it moves outdoors [eg. Stadio Olimpico, Baths of Caracalla] and the prices come down.
Theatre: Teatro Agora holds a short season of international theatre in other languages, while the Colosseo Ridotto presents English language shows every week.
Live Music: The city's more in favour of jazz than rock with plenty of venues
Check 'Time Out' for event info/listings.
Ticket Office 'Orbis' is at Piazza Esquilino.
Why bother when there's a lifetime of sights in the city?
Well, if you must escape for a few hours...
Try Ostia Antica for ancient Roman ruins [n.b. not tacky Ostia seaside town]; Tivoli for Hadrian's spectacular Villa Adriana, fountains and landscaped gardens [40kms out of Rome]; medieval Viterbo with its great town wall and nearby Bomarzo's tranquil; wacky scuplture garden Parco dei Mostri [a favourite of Mr S. Dali]; Terracina for big, calm, uncrowded white sand beaches with minimum life support or Sperlonga for the full monte Italian beach resort experience.
Note that if you're driving signposting is dreadful and views are generally not much better
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A Tribute to Beauty
The Taj Mahal with Gallery
Temples of Love
Khajuraho with Gallery
Dedicated site of Goa
Gomukh to Ganga Sagar
Virtual Tour with all Details
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