New York USA
New York USA
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New York USA


 
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New York is the quintessence of America. Capital, plentiful cheap labor, raw materials, shipping routes, and rail links made the city the business hub of the world. For all this New York does not accurately reflect the rest of the USA. Nowhere else do so many different peoples live together in such confined space, nowhere else has such a fascinating awareness of life, molded by some two hundred different ethnic backgrounds, nowhere else is so multicultural yet with its own expression, and nowhere else has so many skyscrapers towering above the streets. Here are some of the historical and architectural attractions of interest in NY. From Carnegie Hall to the Historic Soho Cast Iron District, there are many influnces from Europe represented in the city, as well as some of the greatest innovations in skyscrapers. NYC Buildings represent everything from Beaux Arts, Federal Architecture, French Renaissance to Art Deco Style. Click on the links to find out more about each attraction. When you get to our detail pages you will find useful information about each attractions, links that will keep you up to date and a handy cross reference scheme that will let you know where you are in the city.
New York USA
   
Statue of Liberty New York State contains 49,576 square miles, 
inclusive of 1,637 square miles of inland water, 
but exclusive of the boundary-water areas of Long Island 
Sound, New York Harbor, Lake Ontario, and Lake Erie. 
The major portion of the state lies generally between 
latitudes 42° and 45°N and between longitudes 73° 30' 
and 79° 45'W. However, in the extreme southeast, 
a triangular portion extends southward to about 
latitude 40° 30'N, while Long Island lies eastward to 
about longitude 72°W.

The principal highland regions of the state are the 
Adirondacks in the northeast and the Appalachian 
Plateau (Southern Plateau) in the south. 
The latter Plateau is subdivided by the deep 
channel of Seneca Lake, which extends from the l
ake plain of Lake Ontario southward to the Chemung 
River Valley, into the Western and Eastern Plateaus. 

The former extends from the eastern Finger 
Lakes across the hills of southwestern New York to the narrow 
lake plain bordering Lake Erie; the later extends 
from the eastern Finger Lakes to the Hudson River 
Valley and includes the Catskill Mountains.

Statue of Liberty
Liberty Enlightening the World (French: La liberté éclairant le monde), known more commonly as the Statue of Liberty (Statue de la Liberté), is a colossal statue given to the United States by the Paris based Union Franco-Américaine (Franco-American Union) in 1886, standing at Liberty Island, in the mouth of the Hudson River in New York Harbor as a welcome to all visitors, immigrants, and returning Americans. The copper statue, dedicated on October 28, 1886, commemorates the centennial of the United States and is a gesture of friendship between the two nations. The sculptor was Frederic Auguste Bartholdi. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, the designer of the Eiffel Tower, engineered the internal structure. Eugène Viollet-le-Duc was responsible for the choice of copper in the statue's construction and adoption of the Repoussé technique.

The statue depicts a woman standing upright, dressed in a flowing robe and a seven point spiked crown representing the Seven Seas, holding a stone tablet close to her body in her left hand and a flaming torch high in her right hand. The statue is made of pure copper on a framework of steel (originally puddled iron) with the exception of the flame of the torch, which is coated in gold leaf. It stands atop a rectangular stonework pedestal, itself on an irregular eleven-pointed star foundation. The statue is 151 feet (46 meters) and one inch tall, with the foundation adding another 154 feet (46.9 meters). The tablet contains the text "JULY IV MDCCLXXVI" (July 4, 1776) commemorating the date of the United States Declaration of Independence. The interior of the pedestal contains a bronze plaque inscribed with the poem "The New Colossus" by Emma Lazarus. (It has never been engraved on the exterior of the pedestal, despite such depictions in editorial cartoons[1]).

Worldwide, the Statue of Liberty is one of the most recognizable icons of the United States,[2] and, in a more general sense, represents liberty and escape from oppression. The Statue of Liberty was, from 1886 until the jet age, often one of the first glimpses of the United States for millions of immigrants after ocean voyages from Europe. In terms of visual impact, the Statue of Liberty appears to draw inspiration from il Sancarlone or the Colossus of Rhodes. The statue is a central part of Statue of Liberty National Monument and is administered by the National Park Service.

New torch
A new torch replaced the original, which was deemed beyond repair because of the extensive 1916 modifications. The 1886 torch is now located in the monument's lobby museum. The new torch has gold plating applied to the exterior of the "flame," which is illuminated by external lamps on the surrounding balcony platform. Upgraded climate control systems and two elevators (one to the top of the pedestal and a small emergency elevator to the crown) were added. The Statue of Liberty was reopened to the public on July 5, 1986.

Aftermath of 9/11
The interior of the statue used to be open to visitors. They would arrive by ferry and could climb the circular single-file stairs (limited by the available space) inside the metallic statue, exposed to the sun out in the harbor (the interior reaching extreme temperatures, particularly in summer months), and about 30 people at a time could fit up into her crown. This provided a broad view of New York Harbor (she faces the ocean, and France) through 25 windows, the largest approximately 18" (46 cm) in height. The view did not, therefore, include the skyline of New York City. The wait outside regularly exceeded 3 hours, excluding the wait for ferries and ferry tickets

Statue of Liberty
New York USA


Many atmospheric and physiographic controls on the climate result in a considerable variation of temperature conditions over New York State. The average annual mean temperature ranges from about 40° in the Adirondacks to near 55° in the New York City area. In January, the average mean temperature is approximately 16° in the Adirondacks and St. Lawrence Valley, but increases to about 26° along Lake Erie and in the lower Hudson Valley and to 31° on Long Island. The highest temperature of record in New York State is 108° at Troy on July 22, 1926. Temperatures of 107° have been observed at Lewiston, Elmira, Poughkeepsie, and New York City. The record coldest temperature is -52° at Stillwater Reservoir (northern Herkimer County) on February 9, 1934 and also at Old Forge (also northern Herkimer County) on February 18, 1979. Some 30 communities have recorded temperatures of -40° or colder, most of them occurring in the northern one-half of the state and the remainder in the Western Plateau Division and in localities just south of the Mohawk Valley.

The winters are long and cold in the Plateau Divisions of the state. In the majority of winter seasons, a temperature of -25° or lower can be expected in the northern highlands (Northern Plateau) and -15° or colder in the southwestern and east-central highlands (Southern Plateau). The Adirondack region records from 35 to 45 days with below zero temperatures in normal to severe winters, with a somewhat fewer number of such days occurring near Lake Champlain and the St. Lawrence River. In the Southern Plateau and in the upper Hudson Valley division, below zero minimums are observed on about 15 days in most winters and on more than 25 days in notably cold seasons

New York City
The summer climate is cool in the Adirondacks, Catskills, and higher elevations of the Southern Plateau. The New York City area and lower portions of the Hudson Valley have rather warm summers by comparison, with some periods of high, uncomfortable humidity. The remainder of New York State enjoys pleasantly warm summers, marred by only occasional, brief intervals of sultry conditions. Summer daytime temperatures usually range from the upper 70s to mid 80s over much of the State, producing an atmospheric environment favorable to many athletic, recreational, and other outdoor activities
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