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Shopping in Egypt must be experienced by visitors, regardless of whether or not any money is spent. Shopping opportunities range from fixed-price stores to bargaining bazaars. A wide range of goods can be found throughout Egypt including: copper and brassware, rugs and carpets, scarves, shawls, spices and jewellery. Egyptian bazaars offer an excitement that is hard to recreate anywhere else in the world. You will find the local shop owners incredibly friendly and an enormous range of products on offer. 
Khan-al-Khalili Bazaar
The Khan-al-Khalili Bazaar is a favourite amongst tourists and offers the best in brass and copperware. Aswan market is the best place to buy gold jewellery and spices. Silver jewellery is prominent in Luxor while shawls and scarves an be found in Dendarah. 
Shopping cannot be rushed in Egypt or else you may find that you pay far too high a price for your goods. It is recommended that shopping be looked at as another sight to see and another way to spend an entire day. A lot of energy is required to browse the bazaars, as hagglers and vendors can be quite persistent. Fixed price stores often offer the best deals when it comes to quality, although you miss out on the bazaar atmosphere and experience.
Tea is offered by most shop and stall owners and it is best to only accept it if you are seriously interested in buying one of their products or you may find yourself stuck listening to very long and animated family stories for a very long time. 
Shopping Hours are generally from 9:00 to 15:00 and 17:00 to 22:00 every day of the week, though some shops do close on Sundays. During Ramadan shopping hours are severely restricted.
Khan-al-Khalili Bazaar
The Coptic Christmas is held on the 7th of January. Lots of colour, dancing and celebrations can be seen throughout the Coptic Quarter of Cairo during December and January while preparing for the celebration. .
The Abu Simbel Festival
This festival celebrates one of the most breathtaking sights in the world, the temple of Abu Simbel. The temple is a mixture of human effort and an unexplainable natural phenomenon. It is angled so that the inner chamber lights up for his rise to the throne which took place at the end of February

Shem al Nessim 
This roughly translates as the first day of spring with a direct translation of ‘sniffing the breeze’. It is celebrated the first Monday after Coptic Easter. Picnics and outdoor activities are the common ways of spending this national holiday. 

South Sinai Camel Festival
This celebrates Egypt’s national animal and offers people the chance to watch (and partake) in some camel racing. Visitors tend to change their minds regarding the speed of camels during this festival. The races which take place in the popular tourist resort of Sharm el-Sheikh are often the fastest and bumpiest. 

Leylet en-Nuktah
This literally means ‘that of the drop’ due to the fact that something is supposed to literally ‘drop’ into the Nile causing the water level to rise significantly. In ancient times, girls were often drowned in the river to appease the gods thus causing the river to rise. Obviously today, this does not happen but the legend has been adapted. 

Evacuation Day 
This celebrated day marks the announcement of the Republic in 1953 and the removal of foreign troops in 1956.

Revolution Day
This celebrates the anniversary of the fall of the Egyptian Royal government as well as the rise of the Republic in 1952.

Art Festival
This festival is said to be the most impressive art festival in the Arab world. The week-long party in Ismailia is a celebration of the colourful folk-art from Asia, Africa and Europe. 

Armed Forces Day
In 1973, the Egyptian forces crossed the Suez Canal during the war with Israel. In 1981, Sadat was assassinated while watching the Armed Forces Day parade. This national holiday both celebrates and commemorates.

Abu Simbel Festival
The famous Abu Simbel temple lights up every October to celebrate Ramses II birthday. 
National Public Holidays
Coptic Christmas Day:7 January
Grand Feast:21 January
Islamic New Year: 10 February
Sinai Liberation Day:25 April
Labour Day:1 May
Sham el-Nassim (Coptic Easter):2 May
Liberation day:18 June
Revolution Day:23 July
Wafa’a el Nil (Flooding of the Nile):15 August
Coptic New Year:11 September
Armed Forces Day:6 October
Suez Victory Day:24 October
Bairam Feast (End of Ramadan):3 November
Victory Day:23 December
The second largest city and the main port of Egypt, Alexandria was built by the Greek architect Dinocrates (332-331 BC), by the orders of Alexander the Great. The city, immortalizing Alexander's name, quickly flourished into a prominent cultural, intellectual, political, and economic metropolis, the remains of which are still evident to this day.
International Transport
Egypt has 87 airports, most of which are used for military purposes. The main commercial airport is Cairo International Airport (CAI). The primary airlines servicing Cairo International are British Airways, Gulf Air, Singapore Airlines and EgyptAir.

Cairo International Airport is the primary hub for EgyptAir. It is the second busiest airport in Africa, following Johannesburg International Airport. Located approximately 13 miles from downtown Cairo, CAI has two main terminals and a variety of facilities. A third terminal is soon to open. 

Facilities in the airport include a bank, bureaux de change, ATMs, post offices, food and beverage facilities and numerous shopping outlets. A pharmacy can be found in both terminals’ departure areas. Left luggage, baggage trolleys and porters are also available in both terminals.

Transport into the city is regular and reliable, with options of buses, taxis or the airport shuttle service. Some hotels provide their own limousine upon arrival. Several reputable car rental companies are represented at the airport. 

Borg El Arab (HBE) is the main international airport for Alexandria, 37 miles southwest of the city centre. Facilities at the airport include a duty free shop, exchange services, a bank, post office, VIP lounge and a restaurant. 
Luxor Airport is located 3 miles outside of Luxor and has a regular bus and taxi services available for transfers to and from the city. Facilities at Luxor Airport include car hire, exchange services, food and beverage facilities and a bank. 

None of Egypt’s north western neighbours are connected via international rail links. The nearest railway station is located in Sudan and connects via a ferry crossing Lake Nasser. 

Daily coaches leave from Jerusalem and Tel Aviv to Cairo via El Arish and Rafiah. They are a cheaper alternative to air travel, but are a lot longer and less comfortable. They can get very hot and crowded.

The main highway connecting Libya and Egypt is a popular route to get from one end of the country to another. The Route 1 that links Egypt to Israel is also very popular and can get very congested at times. Driving in Egypt can be very dangerous as roads are not always up to international standards and local drivers to not seem to be aware of other cars. Egypt has one of the highest numbers of accidents per mile of road than anywhere else in the world. 

Egypt’s main coastal ports are located in Alexandria, Port Said, Suez and Nuweiba. A scheduled car ferry runs between Suez and Jeddah. A bi-weekly service sails between Sudan and Suez and a twice daily service sails between South Sinai and Jordan. Cruise ships often stop over in Egypt as part of their African package.

The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (EGP). The Egyptian Pound is divided into 100 piastres. Coins, which are not used often, are available in: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 25 piastres, while banknotes come in 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pounds. 

Egyptian Math

The ancient Egyptians were possibly the first civilisation to practice the scientific arts. Indeed, the word chemistry is derived from the word Alchemy which is the ancient name for Egypt.
Where the Egyptians really excelled was in medicine and applied mathematics. But although there is a large body of papyrus literature describing their achievements in medicine, there is no records of how they reached their mathematical conclusions. Of course they must have had an advanced understanding of the subject because their exploits in engineering, astronomy and administration would not have been possible without it.
The Egyptians had a decimal system using seven different symbols.
1 is shown by a single stroke.
10 is shown by a drawing of a hobble for cattle.
100 is represented by a coil of rope.
1,000 is a drawing of a lotus plant.
10,000 is represented by a finger.
100,000 by a tadpole or frog
1,000,000 is the figure of a god with arms raised above his head.
(Click the image, above, to download Gifs or if your browser does not support image maps use the table left)
The conventions for reading and writing numbers is quite simple; the higher number is always written in front of the lower number and where there is more than one row of numbers the reader should start at the top.
Mathematics Problems
This section is a brief test to see if you could survive in the world of Egyptian numerals and mathematics.

Egypt Historical Coins
Historical Coins
Egypt, Ptolemaic Kings of. 323-285 BC. Æ 30mm (16.16 gm). laureate head of Zeus right / Eagle standing left on thunderbolt; ?? before. Svoronos -; SNG Copenhagen 

Egyptian Ankh
Ankh and lotus necklace silver
The Egyptian Ankh and lotus necklace includes the lotus flower. The Lotus flower is used to symbolize in ancient Egypt the eternity of the soul, and the wheel of life and death. At night the lotus flower sinks underwater and at dawn it rises.

The second symbol of the necklace is the Egyptian Ankh, known as the key of life. The Ankh repeats itself in the center of the necklace, in the form of the sun with hands holding the keys of life. This motive is taken from ancient wall paintings which describes the sun beams holding keys of life and serves them to the breathing entries of images. This is parallel to the Prana (life force) which we receive in every breath we take.

The sun wheel at the necklace appears in the form of the seed of life which is the geometric base of the whole creation.
Bulgakov ring gold
Bulgakov ring gold
This Bulgakov ring is made of gold and inlaid with diamonds. It was designed in the inspiration of Bulgakov's book "Master and Margarita". The great thing about this book is the two level story that faces the man to the truth of him. The repeated motive in the novel is that cowardliness is the worst of human measures and that fear is the cause of all suffering. 
The ring has a triangle with three diamonds that represent the three forces in the creation. The triangle also represents the Delta which is the first letter in the devil name. The triangle appears on the cigarette box that the devil uses on the start of the book.

The M Represent the master. The ring should remind the wearer that he is the creator of his own reality. The ring is engraved with Hebrew "Each will live in his belief". Around the ring engraved in Hebrew a sentence cited in the book from Faust: "who are you, then? I am part of that power which eternally wills evil and eternally works good"

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