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Brazil Travel Tips

Brazil Visas
Brazil has a "reciprocal visa policy," which means that it requires visas of citizens from countries that require visas of Brazilians. Americans, Canadians, Australians, and New Zealand citizens all need visas (UK citizens do not) which can be obtained by applying at Brazilian embassies and consulates. Visas are valid up to 90 days before your arrival, then another 90 once you have arrived.  If your visa expires while you are there, you can renew it for another 90 days.
Brazil markets
Vaccines 
Brazil requires all visitors to be vaccinated for yellow fever.
Currency
The Brazilian currency, the Real, fluctuates widely. At the time of this content was created, the exchange rate was approximately 1.15 reales to the dollar.
Language
Portuguese is Brazil's native language
Water
It is recommended that visitors drink bottled water

Business
Shops and most offices are open Monday through Friday from 9 am. to 6 p.m. and from 9 am to 1pm on Saturday. Banks are open on Monday through Friday from 10am to 4:00pm. Most shopping centers and malls remain open until 10pm.  Many pharmacies and small stores are also open on Sunday. 

Time Zones
There are four time zones in Brazil. 

Electric Current
110 or 120 volts 

Brazil Markets
Weather
Rio de Janeiro sits almost on top of the Tropic of Capricorn, which makes its climate tropical and ideal. From June through August, the winter, temperatures hover between a comfortable 20°C by day and 16° C by night. The summer months of December through March heat up significantly, ranging from 25° to 45°C
Brazil Climate.
There are five climatic regions in Brazil: equatorial, tropical, semi-arid, highland tropical and subtropical. The seasons are the reverse of those in Europe and the United States. Cities such as Sao Paulo and Brasilia, on the plateau, have a mild climate with temperatures averaging 66°F (19°C). Rio de Janeiro, Recife, Natal and Salvador on the coast have warmer climates balanced by the Trade Winds. Rio, for example, has an average temperature of around 80°F (26°C) which will climb to over 100°F (high 30s) during the summer months. In the southern Brazilian cities of Porto Alegre and Curitiba, the subtropical climate is similar to parts of the US and Europe, with frosts occurring in the winter months (July to August) when temperatures can fall below freezing. Summers are hot, however. Despite the popular image of the Amazon as a region of blistering heat, temperatures rarely rise above 90°F (32°C), and days are generally warm, wet and humid. The region has two seasons: a rainy season (November to May) and not-so-rainy season (June to October).

Brazil Mall

Transportation
Air: Domestic flights arrive in Santos Dumont, while Galeao International Gate, Rio's international hub, services a wide array of international carriers: Aeroflot, Aeorlineas Argentinas, Aeroperu, Air France, Alitalia, American, Avianca, British Airways, Delta, Iberia, KLM, Lan Chile, LAB, Lufthansa, SAA, Swissair, TAM, TAP,  Transbrasil, United, Varig, Rio Sul, Vasp, Continental, and Spanair. 

Rail: Rio's two train stations, Estacao Leopldina and Estacao Dom Pedro II, offer service between the downtown area and the suburbs. 

Subway: Rio's subways consists of a major line from Botafogo to Saens Pena, and a branch from Estacio de Sa to Maracana. 

Taxi: Rio has an abundance of yellow metered cabs, which can easily be hailed on the streets. Special taxis are also common at hotels and the airports, and can be booked by phone.

Social Conventions
Handshaking is customary on meeting and taking one’s leave, and normal European courtesies are observed. Frequent offers of coffee and tea are customary. Flowers are acceptable as a gift on arrival or following a visit for a meal. A souvenir from the visitor’s home country will be well received as a gift of appreciation. Casual wear is normal, particularly during hot weather. In nightclubs, smart-casual (eg blazer, no tie) is acceptable. For more formal occasions the mode of dress will be indicated on invitations. Smoking is acceptable unless notified otherwise. 
The Catholic Church is highly respected in the community, something which should be kept in mind by the visitor.
 

Brazil Beaches
Medical Facilities
Rio de Janeiro has a number of internationally respected hospitals, clinics and doctors, but treatment is expensive so visitors are strongly advised to take out medical traveler's insurance before traveling to Brazil. Public hospitals are also available.
Brazil Beaches

Money: The Brazilian monetary unit is the real (BRL), plural reais. There are 100 centavos to the real and notes come in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50 and BRL100. The US dollar is also welcome in most tourist establishments. In the main cities foreign currencies and travellers cheques can be exchanged at banks or cambios. There is an extensive network of ATMs in the country and most major international credit cards are accepted. 
Currency Exchange Rates 
BRL 1.00 =  US$ 0.46 £ 0.24 C$ 0.55 A$ 0.59 R 3.36 € 0.36 NZ$ 0.67 

Brazil Markets
National drinks:

All kinds of alcoholic drink are manufactured and available and there are no licensing hours or restrictions on drinking. 

• Beer is particularly good and draught beer is called chopp. 

• The local liqueur is cachaça, a type of rum popular with locals, but not so much with visitors. 

• This phenomenally strong spirit is often mixed with sugar, crushed ice and limes to make caipirinha, a refreshing if intoxicating cocktail, and the Brazilian national drink. 

• Southern Brazilian wine is of a high quality.
• Brazilian coffee is served in espresso-sized cups and is extremely popular.

Some bars have waiters and table service. 

Tipping: 10 to 15 per cent is usual for most services not included on the bill.

Nightlife
The best entertainment occurs in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. In Rio, the major clubs do not present their main acts until after midnight, and the daily paper gives current information; small clubs (boites) provide nightly entertainment throughout the city. São Paulo nightlife is more sophisticated, with greater choice; the shows tend to start earlier.

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City guide to Brazil, Rio, Carnival with information on travel, transport, shopping, cheap flights, airports, hotel booking, sights, attractions, events and more
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